L I P

Laboratório de Instrumentação e Física Experimental de Partículas

L I P

L I P [PARTICLES AND TECHNOLOGY]

/

SPAC

Social Physics and Complexity


// Scientific Computing

Computação Científica

SPAC uses large scale computational tools to study societal challenges, especially in disease forecasting, human behavior and public policy. This multidisciplinary research group takes advantage of the so-called “Big-Data Revolution” and works together to understand how individual behaviour impacts on society. We also focus on the risks that these technologies might entail and we help establish the guidelines for ethical uses of data science and artificial intelligence. The European Research Council has awarded  a Starting Grant to the group PI to conduct the research project “Fake News and Real People – Using Big Data to Understand Human Behaviour (FARE)”.

Understanding complexity has always been a hallmark of physics research and, through theory, experiments, and models, physicists have made fundamental contributions to many different complex fields. Right now, the so-called Digital Revolution is offering radically new ways to study complex behaviours and this is being recognized by physics and computer science departments in many top universities worldwide. Complexity Science (CS) studies complex systems and tries to identify general principles. Complex systems consist of a large number of interacting heterogeneous components (parts, agents, humans etc.), resulting in highly non-linear and unpredictable behaviour, with emergence properties. CS theory typically builds on statistical physics and dynamical systems, but also on information theory and, increasingly, network science.

The combination of large-scale data sources and a growing toolbox from machine learning and big data analytics, is making it easier to extract patterns and offer some predictions. In fact, many of the methods developed by statistical and particle physics are now being applied to societies and there is a growing perception that physics will be fundamental to study sociology and even psychology. Leading scientists are calling this new science “Social Physics” and arguing that, in some ways, complexity science will study the physics of human interactions.

Group webpage at LIP

// Research Area
Física Experimental de Partículas com aceleradores
Contacts
Group Leader:  
Joana Gonçalves-Sá

joanagsa@lip.pt


 

  • Societal Implications of Recommendation Systems: A Technical Perspective
  • Author(s):  Joana G Sá and Flávio Pinheiro
  • Submission:  , Acceptance:  , Publication:  2023-12-27
  • Reference:  In H. S. Antunes, P.M. Freitas, A.L. Oliveira, C.M. Pereira, E.V. Sequeira & L.B. Xavier (Eds.), Multidisciplinary Perspectives on Artificial Intelligence and the Law, Springer Cham   View publication

  • A pandemia rompeu com a rotina para tornar as gripes um problema também de Verão
  • Author(s):  Tiago Ramalho, article about publication in PLOS Digital Health
  • Submission:  , Acceptance:  , Publication:  2023-12-22
  • Reference:  Público   View publication

  • The effects of weather and mobility on respiratory viruses dynamics before and during the COVID-19 pandemic in the USA and Canada
  • Author(s):  Irma Varela-Lasheras, Lília Perfeito, Sara Mesquita and Joana G Sá
  • Submission:  2023-05-04, Acceptance:  2023-11-07, Publication:  2023-12-21
  • Reference:  PLOS Digital Health   View publication

  • Cold Viruses 'May Never Be the Same Again'
  • Author(s):  Pandora Dewan, article about publication in PLOS Digital Health
  • Submission:  , Acceptance:  , Publication:  2023-12-21
  • Reference:  Newsweek   View publication

View all the group publications


  • ANTS
  •  Anger camera-type detector simulation and experimental data processing tools.
  •     website


View all the group publications



Ana Vranic
Lisboa
Researcher

Angela Rijo
Lisboa
PhD student

Carolina Custódio
Lisboa
Administrative staff

Cristina Mendonça
Lisboa
Researcher

Geraldo Rodrigues
Lisboa
PhD student

Gonçalo Cardoso
Lisboa
Research student

Hamid Shahzad
Lisboa
Technician

Hugo Cachitas
Lisboa
Technician

Inês Figueiredo
Lisboa
Research student

Íris Damião
Lisboa
PhD student

Joana Gonçalves-Sá
Lisboa
Researcher

João Franco
Lisboa
Visitor

Lília Perfeito
Lisboa
Researcher

Miguel Duarte
Lisboa
Master student

Paulo Almeida
Lisboa
Technician

Rita Saraiva
Lisboa
Administrative staff

Sara Mesquita
Lisboa
PhD student

Tiago Miranda
Lisboa
Master student

Tomás Silva
Lisboa
Master student



View all the group publications

 
 

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Laboratório de Instrumentação e Física Experimental de Partículas   LIP.PT

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